Auxiliary Verb ,Their Types and Examples | What are the 23 of Auxiliary Verbs?

Auxiliary Verb helps the main verb to act as the sentence. Modal Auxiliary Verb does not get impacted by the number, person or tense. It always takes V1 with the Helping Verb.   Let’s begin our discussion on  Auxiliary Verb, Their Types, and Examples 


1. Lexical verbs: The verb used as the main verb in the sentence is called Lexical Verbs. It is also known as an ordinary verb.

 Examples: go, come, write, speak, etc.

 2. Auxiliary verbs: The verb which supports the main verb in the sentence is called the Auxiliary verb. It is also known as helping verbs.

Auxiliary Verb

1. Primary Auxiliary Verb: to do, to have, and to be is kept in Primary Auxiliary Verbs.

 Verbs to do: do, does, did, etc.

Verbs to have: have, has had, having, etc.

Verbs to be: is, am, are, was, were, be, being, been, etc.

 2. Modal Auxiliary Verb: Can, could, may, might, shall, should, will, would, must, ought to are some of the Modal Auxiliary Verbs.

 Note: Modal Auxiliary Verbs are always used as Helping Verbs.

 3. Marginal Auxiliary Verb: used to, need, dare are Marginal Auxiliary Verbs.

 1. Use of Can

 Rule No 1:  To show power, ability, and capacity


He can speak English fluently.

Siya can climb Mount Everest.

I can solve this question.

Komal can present a speech beautifully.

Raman can swim in the pool.

 Rule No 2:  To take and give permission


You can go now.

Stop! You cannot do it.

You can drink water.

Can I go to a movie tonight?

Can I submit my application form?

 Note 1: Can not  को हमेशा एक साथ cannot के रूप में लिखा जाता है।

 Note 2: Cannot का short form can’t होता है।

 2. Use of Could   ( Past form of Can)

 Rule no-1 To show past ability, power and capacity


He could pass the 12th  Board examination.

He could jump the wall.

I could learn how to swim.

 Rule No 2:  To show polite requests in interrogative sentences.


Could I use your pen, please?

Could you move a little bit?

Could I smoke here?

 3. Use of May

 Rule No 1: To take or give permission


May I come in, sir?

May I go out, ma’am?

May I use your pen?

 Rule No 2: To show possibility or uncertainty


It may rain today.

I may purchase a new car.

It may be true.

 Rule No 3: To express wish/ pray/ bless/ curse


May God give you a long life?

May God bless you?

May you succeed in your life?

 4. Use of Might ( Past of May)

 Rule no 1:  For Suppositional Sentence starting with I/we/ he /she wishes, as if/ as though/if only/ suppose 


If you work hard, you might succeed.

I wish he might have scored 90 in the English exam.

If you have left your laptop there, someone might have stolen it.

             5. Use of shall & Will

1. Shall – I/we

2.Will- you/you/he /she/it/name/they


I shall go to school tomorrow.

We shall watch a movie tonight.

 Note: Future Tense के वाक्यों में promise वयक्त करने के लिए first person (I/we) के साथ will तथा second person (you/you) एवम third person (he/she/it/name/they)  के साथ shall का प्रयोग किया जाता है। 

 Note 2: Modern Spoken English में first person, second person, and third-person के साथ केवल will का ही प्रयोग किया जाता है।

 Note 3:   

Shall not – Shan’t

Will not – Won’t

 6. Use of Would ( Past tense of will)

 Rule No: 1 To show past habit


He would walk for an hour in the morning.

I would study after my supper.

Ramesh would dance during the lunch break.

 Rule No: 2  To show polite request


Would you lend me your bag, please?

Would you teach my brother?

Would you give me a lift?

 Rule No 3: To show determination                   


He would have a good result this year.

The criminal would never confess his guilt.

Note: (would like to + v1) is also used to show wish.


I would like to speak English.

He would like to dance on the stage.

 7. Use of Should (past of shall)

 Rule No 1: To show duty or moral obligation


We should follow our teachers.

One should obey traffic rules.

You should come to school in time.

 Note: Should have is used to show past duties


I should have attended the previous class.

He should have gone to see his father.

He should have paid the tuition fees.

 Rule No 2: To show  advice


You should not laugh at his mistakes.

He should see a doctor for better health.

You should keep yourself away from wine.

8. Use of Ought to

 Rule No 1: To show moral obligation


We ought to love our country.

Students ought to work hard for success.

You ought to help the poor people.

 Rule No 2: To show a strong possibility


She ought to win the race.

Mayank ought to secure rank 1 in IIT-JEE.

It ought to rain today.

 Note: Ought to is the substitute for should.

 9. Use of  Must

 Rule No 1: To denote fixed/determined action


 He must do it.

She must take her money back.

I must go to Patna.

 Rule 2: To express duty


 A soldier must fight for his country.

All the officers must be honest.

A judge must stand with the victim.

 10. Use of Used to

 Rule No 1: To express past habit                       


 He used to play cricket in his childhood.

I used to walk in the morning.

Ziva used to fight with Mrs Dhoni.

 Note: Would is a substitute for used to in the case of past habits.

 11. Use of Need

 Rule 1: To express requirement


 You need my help.

Shyam needs Rs. 5000.

Komal needs a book.

 Note: Always use a verb after should and a noun after need.

 12. Use of Dare

 Rule No 1: To show Courage


 How dare you touch me?

I dare to oppose my teacher.

Frequent Asked Questions (FAQs)

The verb which supports the main verb in the sentence is called the Auxiliary verb. It is also known as helping verbs.

The 23 auxiliary verbs are - Is, am, are, was, were, do, does, did, have, has, had, will, would, shall,  should, be, being, been, can, could, may, might and must.,

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Read More…

Time and Tense

Parts of Speech

Number: Basic to Advanced

Voice: Active to Passive

Gender and its Types

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