Preposition in Hindi, Types and Its Usage | 14 Types of Preposition

A preposition is one of the important topics of English grammar. It impacts a lot in the meaning of sentences. It also establishes the relationship between two nouns or pronouns in the sentence.   Let’s start our broad discussion on the Preposition in Hindi, Types and Its Usage.

Prepositons (सम्बन्धबोधक अव्यय)  

A preposition is a word usually placed before a noun or pronoun to show its relation with some other words in a sentence.


Kamlesh is cutting a tree with an axe.

Sasank is going to Patna by train.

The boys are playing on the field.

Types of Preposition according to time, place, cause, result  and Purpose

1. Preposition of Place

2. Preposition of Time

3. Preposition of Cause/Purpose

4. Preposition of Agency

5. Preposition of Manner

6. Preposition of Possession

7.Preposition of Measure/rate/value

8. Preposition of contrast/concession

9. Preposition of Separation

10. Preposition of Relationship

11. Preposition of support/opposition

12. Preposition of Exception

13. Preposition of Motive/Inference/Source/Origin

14. Preposition of Direction

preposition in hindi

 Use of Prepositions

 1.About : About  का प्रयोग सामान्यतः के विषय में / के बारे  या लगभग का sense develop करने के लिए किया जाता है।


What do you know about me?

Tell me, something about yourself.

Write the answer in about 100 words.

It is about 10 o’clock.

There are about five students.

 2.Against : Against का प्रयोग  के खिलाफ में, तुलना करने में, vertical सतह स्पर्श का बोध कराने में  होता है।


Public opinion was against the bill.

I had to complain against the postmaster.

She is making me happier against my ex-girlfriend.

There is a pillar against the wall.

The teacher is standing against the desk.

 3.Among: Among का प्रयोग दो या दो से अधिक persons और things को denote  करने के लिए किया जाता है।


 I was sitting among my classmates.

The teacher was anchoring among his students.

 Note: Use among before the word first letter consonant.


Among the players

 Note 2: Use amongst before the word first letter vowel.

Amongst our players.

4.Above:  Above का प्रयोग ऊपर और level बताने के लिए प्रयोग किया जाता है।

The birds fly in the sky.

The Bokaro Steel City station is 500 feet above sea level.

 5.At: At का प्रयोग गांव,कस्बे ,टोले तथा समय के लिए के साथ लिए किया  जाता है।


I live at Chandankiyari in Bokaro District.

The meeting of P.M is fixed at 4 O’clock.

 6.Amid/Amidst: Amid  और Amidst का प्रयोग के बीच के अर्थ में place को सूचित करने के लिए किया जाता है।


Sara Ali Khan is standing amid/amidst the crowd.

There is a small island situated amid/amidst the oceans.

 7.Across: Across का प्रयोग opposite side, from one side to the other side तथा both sides को denote करने के लिए किया जाता है।


My school is across the river.

There is a wooden bridge across the rills

8.After: After का प्रयोग के बाद के sense’ में time तथा position दिखाने के लिए किया जाता है।


 The school will re-open after a corona.

His house comes after my house.

 9.Along: Along का प्रयोग किनारे-किनारे के sense में होता है।


He was running along the railway track.

The vegetable seller has settled down their shops along the road.

 Note: The meaning of along with is ‘साथ साथ’ in Hindi.


 Mention the date along with the address.

My nephew went to school along with his mamma.

 10.Around: Around का प्रयोग चारों ओर तथा लगभग के sense को denote करने के लिए किया जाता है।


There is air all around.

There are around 50 staff members working in this institution.

11.Ago: Ago का प्रयोग भूतकाल के समय को denote करने के लिए किया जाता है।


 Alia Bhatt gave a missed to Ranveer  Kapoor an hour ago.

We had started our meeting two hours ago.

12.Between: Between का प्रयोग दो persons या things के बीच किया जाता है।


The pencil has been kept between my notebook and grammar book.

Salman Khan is sitting between Kabir Khan and Sanjay Leela Bhansali.

 13.By – By का प्रयोग fixed time, means of transportation के साथ, passive voice में object के पहले  , rate, weight, measurement को दिखाने के लिए किया जाता है। 


The Maurya  Express arrives at the station by 7 P.M

He goes to the school by cycle.

I was taught spoken English by my teacher.

Oranges are sold by Rs 40 a kilo.

 Note: Under and beneath are similar in use.

 14.Beyond: Beyond का प्रयोग के परे के sense में उपयोग किया जाता है।


Don’t talk beyond your capability.

He lives beyond his income.

 15.Besides: Besides का प्रयोग के अलावा/के अतिरिक्त के sense में किया जाता है।


I have a house besides a car.

She has a pet cat besides a dog.

 16.During : During का प्रयोग time period को दिखाने के लिए किया जाता है।


 He listens to the songs during the study.

Aamir Khan raises very sensitive issues during his show, Satyamev Jayate.

 17.From: from का प्रयोग seperation दिखाने के लिए, cause को दिखाने के लिए , time को express करने के लिए तथा source को दिखाने के लिए किया जाता है।


 I am coming from Bokaro.

Siya is suffering from a fever.

Riyaz will come from next  Monday.

Deep water is taken from ‘of Men and Mountains.’

 Note: ‘From’ is used in future perfect continuous instead of since.

 18.In: In का प्रयोग मौसम, वर्ष ,महीना के नाम के पहले बड़े शहरों, देश ,महादेश ,राज्य तथा महानगर के नाम के पहले किया जाता है।


Amitabh Bachchan lives in Mumbai.

We live in India.

India is in the Asia continent.

M.S Dhoni lives in Jharkhand.

He has been teaching in Kolkata.

 Note कुछ phrases जैसे the night,  the evening, the morning,तथा the afternoon के साथ in का प्रयोग किया जाता है।

19.Into: Into का प्रयोग बाहर से अंदर कि ओर गति दिखाने के लिए प्रयोग किया जाता है।


Mayank jumped into the river.

Kamlesh ran into my house.

 20.Over: Over का प्रयोग लटका का sense develop करने के लिए किया जाता है।


       The fan is over my head.

      The plane is flying over our city.

 21.On: On का प्रयोग सटा हुआ का sense develop कराने के लिए , दिनांक के साथ तथा दिन के साथ प्रयोग किया जाता है।


My pen is on the table.

The birthday of my sister is on the 7th of July.

He is going to take a flight on Monday.

 22.Through: Through का प्रयोग एक छोर से दूसरे छोर तक किया जाता है।


 We passed through a bridge.

The train ran through the tunnel.

 23.With : With का प्रयोग instrument के साथ तथा manner का sense develop करने के लिए किया जाता है।


 I write a letter with a pen.

He cuts the vegetables with a knife.

He fought against the enemy with courage.

 Some Prepositions with  their meanings

 1. Off- ( दूर होना)


I switch off my mobile.

Put the device off.

 2.Throughout 🙁पुरे/ सम्पूर्ण)


We have to work hard throughout the year to pass the board exam.

A motivational speaker stays happy throughout the day.

 3. While: (जब)


He talks on his mobile phone while eating.

Siya listens while jogging in the field.

 4. Out of (बाहर)


 Ranveer Singh is out of town with his beloved wife, Deepika Padukone.

He was speaking out of control.

 5. Opposite (के विपरीत)


 My school is situated opposite Netaji Chowk.

His shop is opposite the wine shop.

 6. Without (के बिना)


I cannot live without you.

Don’t drive a bike without a helmet.

 7. Within (के अंदर)


 I am coming within 5 minutes.

The function is to be started within 30 minutes.

 8. Except (को छोड़कर)

Ram has two more houses except these.

Siya has one sister except her.

 9. Upon (के ऊपर)


Speak upon the stage.

The cat sprang upon the table.

 10. Below (के नीचे)


Answer the question given below the passage.

My teacher is below 35 years old.

 Comparison in Prepositions in Hindi

 1. Use of At/ In

 At – (गांव या छोटे जगहों के नाम के पहले)

In –  (बड़े शहरों के नाम के पहले)


My friend is in Delhi.

I live at Chandankiyari  in Bokaro.

 2.Use of On / Over/Above

 On- (सटा हुआ होने का बोध)

Over- (लटका हुआ होने का बोध)

Above – (तीनो अक्षों में होने का बोध)


My pen  is on the table.

The fan is over my head.

The birds fly above the sky.

 3. Use of Between / Among

 Between –( दो के बीच में)

Among – (दो से अधिक के बीच में)

 Examples :

 My friend is sitting between Ram and Shyam.

He is the most intelligent boy among his classmates.

4. Use of In/ Into

In – (स्थिरता का बोध)

Into – (गतिशीलता का बोध)

 Examples :

I am sitting in the class.

Suresh jumped into the river.

 5. Use of Since/ For

 Since – Point of time

Ex- Since 4 o’clock, since March, since childhood, Since Monday

For – Period of time

Ex: For two days, For a month, For a year


I have been waiting for you since 9 o’clock.

I have been waiting for you for an hour.

 6. Use of From / To

 From – (विदा लेते समय)

To – (जुड़ने के बोध में)


 I am going to Patna.

You are coming from Patna.

 7. Use of To /Towards

 To –   (गंतव्य जगह के लिए)

Towards – (दिशा  दिखाने  के लिए)


 I am going to the airport.

I am going towards the airport.

 8. Use  of By/ With

By-  Doer के लिए

With – Instrument के साथ

 Examples ;

 A mango is eaten by me.

He cut a tree with an axe.

 9. Use of In/ On (In the sense of time)

 In – समय रहते हुए

On  – बिल्कुल समय पर


 Mr Sharma is to come here in 10 minutes.

Payal reaches school on time.

 10. Use of Beside / Besides

 Beside – (के बगल में)

Besides – (के अलावा)

 Examples :

 My school is situated beside a temple.

I need 10,000 besides my salary.

 11. Use of Round and around

Around  (बाहर चारों ओर)

Round (वृताकार चारोँ ओर)


The students were sitting around the park.

The teachers were sitting round in the staff room.

 12. Use of Like and Unlike

Like – (के सामान)

Unlike – (भिन्न)


 You are intelligent like us.

Rashmika is beautiful, unlike Ananya.

 13. Use of Inside and Outside

Inside -( सीमा के अंदर)

Outside (सीमा के बाहर)


 The ball was caught inside the boundary.

The audience was watching the match outside the boundary.

Frequent Asked Questions (FAQs)

A preposition is a word usually placed before a noun or pronoun to show its relation with some other words in a sentence.


Kamlesh is cutting a tree with an axe.

Sasank is going to Patna by train.

The boys are playing on the field.

Preposition generally comes before a noun or a pronoun. It also impacts the meaning of the sentence and establishes the relation between some other words in a sentence. 


Kamlesh is writing a letter with a pen.

Sasank is playing cricket on the playground.

The boys are swimming in the pool.

Hope you all will extend your warmth love for this article, Preposition in Hindi, Types and Its Usage

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