Some Basic Concept in English Grammar | How to Learn English Grammar Step by Step in 2021

Let’s begin our vivid explanation of Some Basic Concept in English Grammar

Language is the only source to express ourselves.

English Language:  English is a mixture of all kinds of languages.

         Hindi Origin Words


Bazaar, Mantra, Pyjamas, Raita, Roti, Shampoo, Thug, Veranda, Yoga,  Avtar, Aiyo, Bungalow Cheetah, Dacoit, Guru, Khaki, Loot, Maharaja, etc.

    French Origin Words


Petite, Ballet, Entrepreneur, Genre, Renaissance, Rendezvous, etc.

          Latin Origin Words


Capital, Bass, Vice- versa (उल्टा), Finish etc.

    German Origin Words


Fest,Kindergarten ,Waltz ,Cobalt  etc.


English Literature:  English literature teaches us the way to live a calm and happy life through moral stories, poetry, drama, novel e.t.c

English Grammar:  It acts as a science that helps us to write, read and speak English correctly.

Spoken English:   Spoken English is a part of English that helps us in English conversation.

Note: Grammar is the soul of any language.

Let’s talk now something more about  Some Basic Concept in English Grammar

  • Letters: Letter is the brick of English Grammar.
  • Alphabet: The collective form of all 26 letters is called Alphabet.

There are two types of letters in the English Alphabet

  • Vowel:  A, e, I, o, and u are five vowels in English Alphabet.
  • Consonant:  All the 21 letters except five vowels in English Alphabet are called consonants.

 Note: W and Y are semi-vowel and semi-consonant.

Word: A group of letters that gives a complete meaning is called a word.

Examples: English, Hindi, Lizard, Banana e.t.c.

Syllables: A word is broken into many parts for better pronunciation. Each broken part refers to a syllable.

 Single Syllable Words:

He, Fee, Go, Eat, Fit, Feel e.t.c

Two-Syllable Words:

Mo-ther, Wat-er , Beau-ty, Mon-key e.t.c

 Phrase:  A phrase is a  group of words that develops sense but not complete sense.

Clause: A clause is a group of words that forms part of a sentence and keeps a subject and a predicate.

 Sentence: A group of words that makes some sense is called a sentence.

Examples:  The people of my village are hard-working.

                     I am sitting in the classroom.

 There are four kinds of sentences

  • Assertive or Declarative Sentence (साधारण वाक्य ):  A sentence that is used to denote either positive or the negative sentence is called an assertive sentence.


Alia is going to Patna.

       Salman Khan has not acted in this movie.

  •  Interrogative Sentence (प्रश्नवाचक वाक्य ): The sentence which arises question is called Interrogative Sentence.


Do you want to buy a new car?

Why are you roaming here and there?

  • Imperative Sentence (आज्ञासूचक वाक्य ): A sentence that makes the sense of order or request is called Interrogative sentence.


Please, help me.

Shut down the window.

 Do your homework.

 Kindly, come to class on time.

  • Exclamatory Sentence (विस्मयसूचक वाक्य ): A sentence showing the feeling of surprise, happiness, and sadness is called an exclamatory sentence.
  • Subject: The subject is the leader of a sentence.


Mohan is Walking in the field.

I am teaching you.

Why did he not come to class today?

  • Predicate: Predicate is a part of a sentence that particularly comes to tell us something about the subject.
  • Verb: The word which denotes an action is called a verb.


She dances on the stage.

You have gone to Patna.

I have a pen.

There are two kinds of Verbs.

1. Main Verb or Principal verb

2. Helping Verb or Auxiliary Verb

Note1: If any sentence has two verbs then the first is a helping verb and the second is the main verb.

 Note 2: If a sentence has a single verb then it is always the main verb.

  • Object: The word which shows the domination of action is called object.


Komal is bringing a book.

He is playing football.

Note: The subject and object of a sentence is always a noun or pronoun.


There are three types of Person

 1. First Person:  The speaker is called the first person.

2. Second Person: The listener is called the second person.

3. Third Person: The person about whom we talk indirectly is called third-person.


Chart of Person





1st Person



2nd Person



3rd Person

He/ She/ It / Name



Don’t Miss These Important Grammar Topics

Time and Tense

Parts of Speech

Number: Basic to Advanced

Voice: Active to Passive

Gender and its Types

Prepositions and Its Types

Case and Its Types


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