Different types of Words are divided into 8 categories. This division is known as Parts of Speech. Let’s check out parts of speech examples, definitions and Types.
Parts of Speech
(शब्द – भेद)
(भाषा का खंडन)
Table of Contents
- There are 8 parts of Speech
- 1. Noun (संज्ञा):
- Parts of Speech Examples of Noun
- There are five kinds of noun
- Parts of Speech Examples: Modern Classification of Noun
- 2. Pronoun (सर्वनाम)
- 3. Adjective (विशेषण)
- 4. Verb:
- 5.Adverb (क्रियाविशेषण)
- 6.Preposition (सम्बन्धबोधक अव्यय)
- 7.Conjunction (समुच्चयबोधक अव्यय)
- 8.Interjection (विस्मयबोधक अव्यय)
There are 8 parts of Speech
1. Noun (संज्ञा):
The noun is the name of anything.
किसी भी वस्तु के नाम को संज्ञा कहते है।
OR A Word having a name is called noun.
Parts of Speech Examples of Noun
Ram, Patna, Ganga, Ghee, Honesty etc
There are five kinds of noun
Ram, Ganga, Patna, Alia, India e.t.c
Book, table, school, river, girl, boy e.t.c
Mob, classroom, army, police , cattle etc.
Name of Thing
ghee. oil, coffee, iron, bread, water, sugar e.t.c
adulthood, honesty, goodness, brotherhood e.t.c
a.Proper Noun: The word denoting any particular name is called a Proper Noun.
Examples: Ram, Ganga, Patna, Alia, India e.t.c
b.Common Noun: The word which shows a common name is called Common Noun.
Examples: Book, table, school, river, girl, boy e.t.c
Difference between Proper and Common Nouns
c.Collective Noun: The noun showing the collection is called a Collective Noun.
Examples: Mob, classroom, army, police, cattle, a crew of sailors, a team of players, a class of students e.t.c
d.Material Noun: A noun that is either sold or purchased is called Material Noun.
OR A noun that is either weighed or measured is called a material noun
Examples: ghee. oil, coffee, iron, bread, water, sugar e.t.c
e.Abstract Noun: The noun which can neither be touched nor seen but felt only is called Abstract Noun.
Examples: Childhood, adulthood, honesty, goodness, brotherhood e.t.c
Parts of Speech Examples: Modern Classification of Noun
b. Countable Noun
2. Pronoun (सर्वनाम)
A word that replaces a noun is called a Pronoun
OR The word that comes from a noun is called a Pronoun
Ram is a good boy
He is a good boy
The toy is very costly
It is very costly
Ram and Shyam are friends
They are friends
3. Adjective (विशेषण)
An adjective is a word that qualifies as a noun or a pronoun in a sentence.
OR The word which shows goodness or badness is called an adjective.
Ram is a good boy
This is a fast train
They have 10 coins
A word that shows the action and state of a being are called a verb.
He is going to Patna.
He is 20 years old.
I have played cricket.
He is going to Patna
Suman has a car
Alia Bhatt was going to Mumbai
Nathasa Dalal has a B.M.W car
Note1: If any sentence has two verbs then the first is a helping verb and the second one is the main verb.
Note 2: If a sentence has a single verb then it is always the main verb.
It is a word that qualifies as a verb, adjective or adverb
This flower is very beautiful.
Sonam solved the sum quickly.
He runs very slowly.
6.Preposition (सम्बन्धबोधक अव्यय)
A preposition is a word that is generally placed before a noun or pronoun to show its relation with some other words in the sentence
Kamya is fond of music
Ayansh sat on the last bench
My friend is in the park
7.Conjunction (समुच्चयबोधक अव्यय)
A conjunction is a word that connects two words, sentences, phrases, and clauses.
Give me a pen and paper
I am going to Patna because my friend is there.
Geeta is beautiful but Rani is Intelligent.
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8.Interjection (विस्मयबोधक अव्यय)
The words showing the sudden feeling of either happiness or sadness are called interjections.
Oh! you are here.
Alas! I were the Prime Minister of India.
Hurrah! We have won the match.
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27 thoughts on “Parts of Speech Examples, Definitions and Types”
Very good article Hai Sir
Bhut hi acha sa likha. Ha sir …koi v smaj sakta …
Sir, may you send me a PDF or link of narration with full examples…?
Acha madad mil gay